mobile app development

The Who, Why & What of a Minimum Viable Product

The shortest route to market capitalization is to start with the simplest iteration of your product.

What of a Minimum Viable Product
You have an idea you think can change the world?
Don’t have the funds to launch a company?
You fear someone would pounce on the idea before you do?

Don’t worry, it’s not a group therapy session that we’re hearing you out but yes we are trying to allay the fears of Startups who’re biting their nails to prepare a launch-ready mobile app.
Do they stick to traditional Software Development Lifecycles to introduce their concept to users or launch a prototype version with minimalist features? 

The answer depends on who asks the question, but regardless of the company size, the debate comes to a standstill when you wonder, do you need a Minimum Viable Product? While that’s a good question, an even better iteration would be the one that we start this post with, so let’s get to it!  

What is a Minimum Viable Product? 

We’ll discuss a project development approach tech aficionados often vouch for, which is relatable to the concept of a minimum viable product. You’d then be able to define an MVP yourself. If you are an I.T. generalist, you’d definitely be familiar with hackathons. For first-timers, here’s how Wikipedia puts it:

The goal of a hackathon is to create usable software or hardware with the goal of creating a functioning product by the end of the event.

Coders have to come up with innovative tech solutions within 24-72 hours for a real-world problem statement. Competition entrants either design a mobile app, or a website or a quasi automated robot yada-yada. Keeping the core functionality minimal, collaborating developers aim for a usable prototype that is    

  • Highly utilitarian
  • Capable of mass adoption and 
  • Allows large scale production 

Notice the words we’ve highlighted above and stretch the hackathon cycle to a couple of notches. 

Say instead of 72 hours you had 6 months.

You tapped into your network to get the right blend of human resources (graphic designers, domain experts etc) supporting your cause.

Since you’re proactive, you’ve even managed to profile your end-user or have a tangible idea of it.

This product that your efforts culminate into, built in a predefined schedule, keeping the target audience in mind with minimalist features, will be the minimum viable product.


But who does it suit the most?

Established I.T. businesses tend to be laggard in that they set their Software Development Life Cycles in stone. However, fledgling startups who don’t have a strong user base, let alone a testable beta-version product, seem to be coping well with this approach for the last decade and a half. Yes, the concept is exceptionally well-rooted in software/hardware development.

But were we to point a coterie of MVP loyalists, it could be any team running on a tight deadline, bootstrapping its way into the market which is uncertain of public reception.   

It is for this reason, apart from a few others that we shall discuss later that an MVP encapsulates ONLY the core functionality that people could be on the lookout for!

Is there anything else to an MVP?

More than you’d think it does! 

MVPs have development stages that transmute into technical jargons upon completion. This is how it begins: 

Stage #1 Mobile App Prototype

Remember the day when you first envisaged your idea of world domination on a handkerchief! Ideally, that’s where everyone usually begins. Once those diagrams are elaborated in blueprint details, it becomes a formal Mobile App Prototype. For the developers, it serves as a referential guide for designing navigational throughputs within the app. In other words, we are at a pre-MVP stage.        

Stage #2 Minimum Viable Product

When you feel, or know deep inside, the moment has come to roll out functionalities one at a time to the users, this is the actual MVP-launch stage. What do you do? You roll out just enough in-app features which maintain an equilibrium between user expectation and future innovation.


Stage #3 Proof of Concept


People need to be told what they should want, what’s missing from their lives and what could end up improving them. Such a school of thought is advocated as the ‘push-pull effect’. You push a concept to the masses, create hype around your offering which in turn pulls their attention towards your prescribed call to action.

If your action plan simplifies a previously complicated process for users, then you have by virtue of a post-MVP-impact, a Proof of Concept. As the label implies, by this time you possess measurable proof of market acceptance.  

It could be the volume of downloads that the prototype version of your app gets on its initial release. Or an aggregate of positive ratings the users give or anything else which could be quantifiable for prospective investors. Whatever the driving factors are, they could be the primary cause for growth in the immediate future.  

What are the benefits of an MVP?

We don’t intend to suggest that an MVP marketing design is a sure short template to be the next big thing on the App Store. But evidence to suggest anything contrary is scarce. If you think your idea has the potential to be the next ‘soonicorn’ (soon to be unicorns), or a unicorn, then MVP is the baby step you need to take. 

  • Validated Results - Brands like Zappos, Airbnb, Spotify minted their billion-dollar success beginning from pilot runs. You can read about some of those famous MVPs here. 
  • Growing User Interest on Crowdsourcing platforms like Kickstarter & Indiegogo is a go-ahead sign for even standalone entrepreneurs with a product-based operational model. Although the turn-around time for product improvement maybe longer, it is much more acceptable than not starting a business in the first place.    
  • It’s a Hedge against failure. Doubting your success is natural with realists who weigh the pros and cons before vesting themselves in a venture. Yet, MVP development is a safe bet. Critics will not hold it against you for shortcomings that generally bug full-fledged mobile application/website. Because you’re not! You’re just starting it out and it’s not as cruel as the world out there is advertised.     
  • Release Early, Release Often. Traditional SDLCs are rigid. However, MVP product development is agile in nature and adheres to a RERO, Release Early Release Often approach. It prioritizes the frequency of updates incorporating user feedback, as it comes, to optimize engineering output. Future releases are automatically backed up by quality as those app functions down-marked by the loyalty base don’t make it to improved versions of the app.   

minimum viable product checklist

The bottom line - it promotes appreciable savings for teams finding it hard to balance resource scarcity and cash-flows. 

Few MVP Use Cases….

Big things have small beginnings and so did many of the apps we now consider elemental to daily chores. We wouldn’t realize the simplicity & convenience a few swipes could bring to our lives, had the following companies not made their market entry the way they did: 


Travis Kalanick and Garrett Camp set out to metamorphose the call for a “taxi” into booking a cab through a text message. So they started UberCab which was no more than an invite-only application in the beginning, limited to friends and family. The image below represents a couple of updates incorporated into the MVP, whose images don’t surf the net, as people didn’t glimpse the future.   

minimum viable product strategy


This classroom project was inspired from the George Clooney and Brad Pitt starrer Burn After Reading. Hell no, we’re kidding. But the thrilling sensation of messages self-destructing within 10 seconds of being sent left students wanting for more. Access to the app was limited to iOS during its infancy with photos not messages, being the article of conversation. The company raised $30 Billion in a single day through public opening (losing more than $20 Billion later) in March 2017.

minimal viable product

Credit: AlphaGamma


Once AirBed&Breakfast, all that the founder pair of the company did was to host a website inviting travelers over for a weekend stay. The guests never knew (or maybe they did, who knows) that Brian Chesky & Joe Gabbia were paying guests in a rented apartment. The aim of the entire exercise was to test traveller openness toward sharing a sub-standard (relative to hotels) yet pocket friendly accommodation. The rest is history.     

mvp product development

How to develop an MVP?

You’re under good patronage as we have the following pointers to help you set and achieve milestones:  

1. Assemble Team

Define your company hierarchy. When the key responsibility areas are laid out clearly each man/woman knows his/her thing.   

Are you a couple of nerds who can code their way out of a situation? If yes, all that’s left for you to do is set the project deadline. 

If you’re the visionary who doesn’t code but hypothesise business solutions, then you’d be pleased to know it’s normal to outsource mobile application development. The need to perform due diligence on your consultants can’t be overemphasized. 

  • Choose the ones who’re qualified & experienced at what they do. 
  • Factor in aggregate/average experience the team has and total projects delivered to date.
  • What type of post-sales support do they offer, if any?
  • How do the users rate their UX/UI? How would you rate it?   

To save you time (‘cause that’s money remember!) here’s a primer on the top mobile app development companies.

2. Typify buyer persona  

It’s true that MVPs are out to test market viability, as the name suggests, but even they could be customized as per the target audience. Opening the MVP to everyone at once might churn valuable insight during the formative stages of in-app development. But if you’ve already profiled the end-user, half the game is won. 

Such details would help you rate the content of your app to be in line with the host platform guidelines. To be honest, this part is more of surveying and studying the closest competitors but nevertheless affects the overall end result. 

3. Prioritize Utility

Functionalities are to apps what oxygen is to humans. You could have a slew of them in mind that set you apart from the competition, and yet you’re not supposed to overload first-time users. They could be easily intimidated and driven away being confused by more options they can process at once.   
Focus on preparing a utilitarian mobile app. 

Do not incorporate features just because they are in (no pun intended). Make it easy to navigate, high on impact and referable. Organic marketing is free and long-lasting. 

4. Check, Check & Check Again!

How about an MVP of an MVP? Are you confused????

We suggest you break the news of your MVP to your family and friends first. Let them get down and dirty with the app so you could have initial thoughts. 

  • Did they face a downtime error? 
  • Was the call to action button easily accessible? 
  • Did they need technical support to troubleshoot the app? 
  • This one’s the most important, did they need to use your app at all?

It’s better to debug issues with user reviews of a few hundred than thousands of people. You’ll end up mitigating a lot of negative press. First impressions leave an imprint hard to undo, you want yours to be memorable. 

5. Make sense of the Numbers 

You have the feedback you sought, now what?

It’s time to let analytics do its bit. Put the numbers in context using statistical frameworks. Ultimately this is going to be the language an investor would want you to speak. 

  • How many downloads did you get?
  • How many one-time users?
  • What was the app retention rate?
  • What sections of the app did the user most use?  
  • How does it compare to your competitors? 

Numbers tell a great deal of stories than more businesses anticipate. If you can harness into their relationship with user experience, then that’s the beginning of a profitable venture.  

Make sense of the Numbers


  • MVPs act as catalysts accelerating product development to a pace otherwise not observed in traditional SDLCs. 
  • They create feedback loops for developers that let them peak into immediate user experience and make requisite design adjustments. 
  • With realizable savings of resources, time and of course energy, the risk-return ratio of making a minimum viable product is high, placing it among the top 3 to-dos for project managers. The other 2 are something we’re still researching to make write-ups on. So stay tuned!
Aparna <span>Growth Strategist</span>
Written By
Aparna Growth Strategist

Aparna is a growth specialist with handsful knowledge in business development. She values marketing as key a driver for sales, keeping up with the latest in the Mobile App industry. Her getting things done attitude makes her a magnet for the trickiest of tasks. In free times, which are few and far between, you can catch up with her at a game of Fussball.

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