Swift Vs. Kotlin: Similarities & Differences - MobileAppDaily

Swift Vs. Kotlin: Similarities And Differences Every Developer Should Know

The Swift vs Kotlin debate is a major concern for the developers since beginning

app development published date 25th July, 2018 Twinkle Kalkandha

Swift Vs Kotlin

Java used to be the most convenient language for the Android developers for building apps. Where it was user-friendly on the other hand, it also increased the productivity of the developers with new functions and libraries. However, the productivity and the ease of coding needs to be improved with time to compete with evolved technology. And, then comes Kotlin in the picture after Google started supporting Kotlin. In 2017, Google announced that they would be using Kotlin as the official language for Android. Almost all the Android developers were pleased by the move as they knew that shifting from hardcore Java to user-friendly and more sophisticated Kotlin is a big relief. The easy to code environment with a number of support with reusable libraries and additional productivity tools made developers to compare it with the Swift.

However, most of the iOS developers believe that Kotlin is nothing more than a copycat of Swift. But, the fact is that Kotlin is around the industry since 2011 whereas Apple introduced the Swift in 2013. Although both the Swift and Kotlin share some similarities when it comes to crafting an app, there is nothing like a copycat. In Spite of some similarities, there are major differences among these two top-notch programming languages that every developer should know about. Besides, if both the language share some common island, so how long the similarities stretch? Let's find out the answer.

swift and kotlin

In Spite of having the different environment to run and access to totally different libraries, both Swift and Kotlin have similar Syntax.

Syntax Similarities

The syntax of the both Swift and Kotlin are similar up to a major extent. In a group of small functions, you will find a number of similar strings. Below you can find the major difference between the syntax of the two programming languages.

Kotlin Swift
fun func
val let
null nil
trait protocol
constructor init
: ->
Any AnyObject
!! !

Class declaration both the languages:

Kotlin Swift
class Resisdence {

class Resisdence {

var numberOfRooms = 0

var numberOfRooms = 0

fun Description() =

func Description() -> String {

"A house with $numberOfRooms."

return "A house with \(numberOfRooms)."

}

}

 

}

The difference that matters

1. Data Class

In Kotlin you will see the Data Class, whereas the Swift passes on it. During the code, we often create classes, whose primary function is to hold the data. Sometimes these classes also mechanically drive standard functionalities and utility functions. These classes are known as data classes in Kotlin. However, in Swift, you won't find any counterparts of data classes.

data class User(val name: String, val age: Int)

2. Enums are the key

Enums is the term used to declare the enumerations in the coding, and it contains the set of name constraints known as enum list. Swift offers very powerful first class-type enums that are used to carry out the features of the struct, computed properties and different values depending on per case. Kotlin misses the enums which lack the result of enums pattern while coding due to language limitations. However, such a pattern can be achieved by sealed class, but that will be very complicated.

example with type: enum Gender: String{ case Male case Female }

example without type: enum Gender { case Male case Female }

3. Structs

In Kotlin there is no specific type of structs for the developers to use, the language is the same as the Java. Besides, there are few types of structs like int, boolean, float that required to be passed by value, and remaining are passed by the reference. On the other hand in Swift, you get the liberty to choose the type of struct you preferred for your data.

struct User { var username: String var email: String var name: String }

4. Tuples

A Tuples is an ordered set of values, or it can be defined as a structured data having the multiple parts. In relational database the information is stored in the form of spreadsheet where the tuples can be taken as the rows. The tuples are beneficial in defining the interaction between components where you don't have additional classes. Unfortunately, Kotlin doesn't have any Tuples types or expressions while Swift leverages it to define the interfaces among components.

var TupleName = (Value1, value2,… any number of values)

var error501 = (501, “Not implemented”)

print(“The code is\(error501.0)”)

print(“The definition of error is\(error501.1)”)

var error501 = (errorCode: 501, description: “Not Implemented”)

print(error501.errorCode) // prints 501.

5. Delegated class and properties

The delegated properties are the most appreciated attribute of Kotlin that gives an extra point to it against Swift. The delegated properties allow the developers to automatically forward citations of methods to other classes. Besides, the delegated properties also allow to define the behavior of common properties including lazy properties, observation properties, and storing properties. However, Swift doesn't offer this characteristic, so you have to be satisfied with the properties provided by default.

class Example { var p: String by Delegate() }

6. Memory Management

Both Swift and Kotlin uses the different memory management approach where Kotlin uses the Garbage Collection approach on the other hand Swift goes for Automatic References Counting or ARC. Honestly speaking Swift memory management approach works better than Kotlin as it is more reliable and precise.

7. Annotations

Where Kotline offers support for a number of annotations, Swift does not support any of them. Annotations are the most efficient way for adding metadata to the code. You just need to write the annotation modifier in front of the class. The different annotations Kotlin supports includes the @Taget, @Repeatble, @Retention, @MustBeDocumented.

@Target(AnnotationTarget.CLASS, AnnotationTarget.FUNCTION,

    AnnotationTarget.VALUE_PARAMETER, AnnotationTarget.EXPRESSION)

@Retention(AnnotationRetention.SOURCE)

@MustBeDocumented

annotation class Fancy

Here some difference between Kotlin and Swift in coding:

Hello World

Swift Kotlin

print("Hello, world!")

println("Hello, world!")

Functions

Swift Kotlin

func greet(_ name: String,_ day: String) -> String {

    return "Hello \(name), today is \(day)."

}

greet("Bob", "Tuesday")

fun greet(name: String, day: String): String {

    return "Hello $name, today is $day."

}

greet("Bob", "Tuesday")

Tuple Return

Swift Kotlin

func getGasPrices() -> (Double, Double, Double) {

    return (3.59, 3.69, 3.79)

}

data class GasPrices(val a: Double, val b: Double,

    val c: Double)

fun getGasPrices() = GasPrices(3.59, 3.69, 3.79)

With the above codes, you can clearly see that both the languages share a inevitable similarities in their coding pattern. In 2016 there were rumors that Google might choose Swift as the official language for Android but that didn't happen. Considering the Kotlin and Swift similarities the move could be possible. However, at the same time choosing Swift instead of Kotlin could be inappropriate. That’s not just because of Apple and Google being rivals but shifting from Java to Kotlin is much smoother than Java to Swift. Although Swift and Kotlin are very similar and somehow both the languages are bridging the gap between Objective-C and Java.

What is SwiftKotlin?

SwiftKotlin is an open source tool or framework for Mac computers that automatically translates the Swift codes to Kotlin. The developers need to paste the code Swift into the tool, and it will get converted into Kotlin. However, there are also some other alternatives for building a multi-platform project and exchange the code between these two languages. React Native, Cordova, X, Mandarin and other low-level libraries can be used for the same purpose, but SwiftKotlin holds many benefits over these.

Wrapping up

The mobile app development industry is continuously evolving, and the introduction of new tool changes everything overnight. There is no guarantee if in the coming 7 to 10 years both iOS and Android app development changes entirely. Both the platforms are looking for stable, more convenient, and faster app development tool. So, maybe eventually both the platforms end up accepting a smarter common framework or tool by filling the gap between them.

Twinkle Kalkandha

Twinkle Kalkandha

Directs both day-to-day and long-term product strategy for MobileAppDaily. Adept in technology and marketing trends, she curates new strategies for brand development. As a tech enthusiast, she’s constantly involved in the workings of MobileAppDaily’s editorial, revenue, events, and audience development teams to identify and yield diverse opportunities to strengthen the brand and its bottom line. Whether it's managing the in-house design and engineering staff or giving personal advice, she’s always at the top of her game.

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