Flutter is a mobile application development framework that employs Dart, a programming language used to code Flutter apps. Dart language is approved by ECMA (ECMA-408), a standard organization for information and communication systems.
As reported by sources, the Flutter team stumbled upon many programming languages before finalizing on Google Dart and the primary reason behind its preference was its blend in resemblance to the user interface.
This programming language can be used to build anything on servers, desktop, web, and mobile app.
Dariusz Włodarz, Frontend Developer, Miquido, states,
"Dart's biggest advantage? It offers two types of compilation and a virtual machine. As a result, Dart can be run on mobile, web and desktop, and it enables to refresh apps on the fly, which accelerates work and provides instant feedback. Secondly, Dart has many features to avoid many causes of jank. And last, but not least - Dart is completely open-source and exceptionally easy to learn, even for those with basic programming backgroud."
To make it easier for developers moving from React Native, Flutter programming has a section of the docs that unravels it all.
The developers who are skilled in C language or Java will find it more accessible, as it closely resembles with C and is an object-oriented programming language.
With Futures, @Dart_Lang’s most basic API for asynchronous coding, you can:— Flutter (@FlutterDev) June 25, 2019
React to async data
Build Flutter widgets with FutureBuilder
Learn more in this episode of #FlutterinFocus → https://t.co/ZEt8aQslP3 pic.twitter.com/lA84s63cs9
There are some features that are unique in Dart, but many features are common that blends perfectly with the Flutter framework and produce excellent results. Due to an ideal fusion of Flutter with Dart, it’s hard to unify any other programming language with Flutter framework.
Following are some of the Dart advantages that make it an essential part of Flutter development, which is driving Flutter app development companies to develop more such apps:
Dart programming language is compiled in a fast and predictable manner with the native code, which ultimately makes the Flutter apps fast and allows customization of virtually everything, which includes widgets as well.
Dart’s Just in Time (JIT) compilation is its excellent feature that allows the developer to go for quick development cycles and efficient workflows. It can also cater to the Flutter’s sub-second stateful hot reload.
With Dart in use, a separate declarative layout language or separate visual interface builders can be avoided, Dart’s layout is effortless to read and visualize. Moreover, if a language has all the layouts at one place, it becomes easy for a framework to provide advanced tooling.
Dart has a unified layout and doesn’t split between programs and templating or layout languages. It can function even without separate visual layout tools.
Dart is found to be an easy programming language for the developers as its functionalities are much similar to the users for the static and dynamic languages.
Garbage collection is another factor that can comprise the project quality. Here other programming languages require the use of locks to access shared resources, which directly affect the functioning of an app. But in the case of Dart, it performs garbage collection without requiring locks and thus, apps built using flutter run smoothly.
The reason behind nits sailing functioning is the advanced generational garbage collection and allocation scheme, which propels the allocation of the short-lived objects
Flutter is known to have an extremely fast hot reload, which is counted as one of its plus points. To execute codes, Flutter engages JIT compiler, which performs the operation in under a second.
It also helps in retaining the app state while reloads and thus making it practical to retrieve the app from where it was left off.
The availability of hot reload further opens up the possibility for the developers to experiment with various other workable, which generally boost creativity as well.
Many computer languages employ preemption to switch between threads to back multiple concurrent execution threads, which can include Java, Kotlin, Swift, and Objective-C. Every thread is assigned a time to execute a command and if it overshoots, the thread is taken care by a context switch.
In case, the preemption occurs when the thread is updated, it goes into a race condition, which can bring bugs and ultimately, it crashes the app and even experience data loss. So to prevent the app into going to a race condition, lock can be introduced, but the lock itself can deter the quality.
If Dart is used, it cuts down the need of locks because Dart threads don’t share memories. It gives the developer more control of the process.
Google’s open-source mobile application framework was first announced at the GMTC Global Front-End Conference and it finally in August 2018, Dart 2.0 was released. The most significant change was in language including a sound type system.
Dart 2 introduced web-specific enhancements that can be leveraged with the same libraries, language, and tools as it was in the first version of Dart platform.
The aim behind the release of Dart 2 is as follows:
Kevin Moore, Product Manager at Google, stated in a blog post,
“The stable release of Dart 2 is another important milestone towards the stable release of Flutter, due to the tight coupling between framework and language.”
Apart from other add-ons, Dart SDK came packed with some useful tools like:
The hot reload option in Dart development makes it more fun for the developers to learn and try new things, and makes the overall process a breeze.
Its libraries and tools are well documented and are exceptionally amazing and thus makes the learning of libraries, frameworks, patterns, and tools easier.
In one such instance, a project in Google was planned to port the mobile app into iOS and for the same, the team decided to hire an iOS programmer. But before that, they thought of trying their hands on Flutter and surprisingly, the Flutter developers were productive in three weeks, as compared to previously recorded five weeks.
Therefore, you can easily find a developer who can work using Flutter framework, and even if the developer hasn’t used it earlier, there shouldn’t be much work to do.
To know about the Flutter technologies, stay tuned with MobileAppDaily.
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