So, what's the answer, how we are going to select the best one among these two? Honestly speaking we can’t decide which one is better, I can't tell you directly to choose to React or Angular. Moreover, neither the plenty of articles posted across the web around this debate can't help you this way. Both the frameworks hold different positions and help the developers in their own way. In order to know which one suits the best for your web app development, you need to thoroughly examine both the tools and know what they have to offer. Once you are aware of every ins and outs of Angular & React, you will be able to make the right decision on your own.
Difference between Angular and React?
Some parameters to look before choosing a tool
Maturity is the scale to measure the popularity and success of any tool till date. Before opting for a tool, you must know how long it has been on the market. The tool is said to be mature if it has been used by a number of developers and showed no sign of a problem. The maturity of any tool could be due, because of a number of factors like being unstable or having bugs, maybe abandoned by the vendor, or perhaps not supported by a large community for help.
The second most important thing you should look for is what kind of features the tool offers. You need to compare them with others so you will know what variety of tools you have in your hand. Further, you must inspect that, are those features suitable according to the demand of your project?
How smooth is the learning curve?
There is no benefit of the feature-rich tool if you have to spend immense time and effort in learning it. The tool should come with a natural learning curve so the developers can easily understand it in no time for efficient results.
Here are some questions you should address before the decision.
Will be the framework going to exist here for long?
How responsive and helpful is the respective community with the tools?
Is it easy to find the developers for each framework?
On which basic programming concepts these frameworks works?
How easy is it to use the frameworks for small or large applications?
What kind of performance can you expect from the frameworks?
Where can you have a closer look under the hood?
How can you start developing with the chosen framework?
Few reasons why should choose Angular
- The framework belongs to Google, so there is nothing to worry about.
- The codes in Angular are simpler to understand
- Comes with a simpler learning curve for the developers to adapt it without any issue.
- Apps based on Angular are interactive and customizable up to a great extent.
Few reasons why You should choose React
React is JS based library that comes with JSX compiler.
Facebook supported the library and used for big products like WhatsApp.
It is a flexible library with many benefits over other search engines
Features Offered by both the frameworks
Coming down to the features, Angular holds the upper hand in this field as its offers more features than React.
However, these benefit could both bad and good for a developer depending upon the developer’s point of view and project he/she working on.
Here are some of the most useful features of Angular
Ajax request by angular/http
Component CSS encapsulation
Material Design Components
These beneficial features could help the developers in coming up with an intuitive web app. Besides, with all these features already present inside the tool, the developer doesn't need to waste their time in searching the libraries. However, in some ways this could be a problem as you are stuck with these features. Although you can replace them from the libraries, but it requires extra effort and time.
React top features
In React there aren't many features to look, here are all the library has to offer
Utilities for unit-testing protection
As mentioned earlier in React you won't find much inbuilt feature, which is good for the developers as they have the freedom to choose anything. The developers can do anything they want from the number of libraries in React. However, the developers need to do all the stuff by themselves in React including adding features from other libraries. Some of the popular libraries that are mostly used by the developers are React -router, Fetch for https requests, and Enzyme for unit testing utilities.
We already know that the tech giants support both Angular and React. Where Facebook uses React for WhatsApp and Instagram, and Google has implemented React in several projects including Adwords UI with Angular & Dart. Talking about the core development application of these frameworks we had a look at their Github popularity. Angular has more than 39033 stars and 690 contributors whereas React owns almost 107,618 stars and over 10,201 contributors on Github at the time of writing this article. So, it can be seen that the freedom of adding features from different libraries benefits React over Angular on Github.
Technical Comparison: Angular Vs. React
Breaking the entire data of the project or application into smaller and readable component, i.e., Model, View, and Controller helps the developers to write shorter codes for a better quality product. The MVC pattern allows the developers to do quality work with the required assistance. So, the MVC model along with the Model View Presenter and Model View-Viewmodel is still preferred by the developers. Angular is entirely based on MVC architecture, however, React supports only the View part of the MVC pattern.
The data binding is one of the most important steps for building a web application as it establishes a relation between UI and the business logic of the app. To carry out the whole app’s process it requires the data binding in frameworks. Angular uses the two-way data binding approach in which it connects the DOM to Model data using Controller. However, the two-way approach hampers the performance as every binding has a watcher to spot the changes in DOM.
On the other hand, React uses one-way data approach for the data binding. In this, the data flows only in one direction that makes the work easier. With the one way approach, it is easier for the developers to debug the process having large applications.
The libraries and frameworks are divided into different categories using the license. Where some of them are flexible and allows the developers to adjust them according to the requirements, others don't. The flexible ones are known as the open-source products while others don't allow to make the commercial apps or change the content. Both React and Angular are the open source frameworks, that means you can make the changes accordingly as there is no restriction about commercial apps and usage. Angular comes under the MIT license and React falls under the 3-clause BSD.
Important Information about React
React has a number of topics to talk about from a developer’s point of view, that includes
Flow is the type-checking tool for the framework developed by Facebook. The tool is capable of spotting the implicit errors and parsing the codes for the developers. Unlike TypeScript in Angular, Flow doesn't require you to get into a new language and annotate your code for type checking. In Flow, the annotation of the codes are optional, besides it provides the additional hints to the developers. Instead of overwriting the existing code, it suggests the change to the user with static analyzing.
Redux can be understand as the tool that developers take into action to make their life easier when things get real messy. Redux is used for the ’state of management’, that deals with the inner parts of the app. The tool is complicated and comes with steep learning curve. It is more about the inner look and feel of the web app and managing it requires Redux. The tool may be hard to understand for the designers but they need to learn it as it would help them in giving efficient performance. With the help of the tool developers can easily get to know the advantages and implications of the actions.
Important Information about Angular
Angular also has some important and beneficial features under the hood that could help in taking the better decision.
This is an exclusive Reactive library that enables the more flexible and customized handling of the operations. RxJS can be taken as the perfect blend of observer and iterator pattern along with the functional programming. With the help of RxJS, you can treat anything as the continuous stream of values in order to perform distinctive operations like mapping, filtering and much more.
One Framework for all?
Now, you knew that how much different these two frameworks are and you have the better idea in selecting the best one. You need to consider all the parameters and project requirements to choose the most suitable framework. Once you select the most prominent tech stack for the project, you will be tempted to use it in all upcoming projects. However, you don't need to blindly follow the same approach every time, although keeping the consistency is good, but before every project take your time to decide. Compare the cons and pros depending upon the requirements may be your landscape will be different next time. So, you need to examine both the frameworks and then decide which framework worths for your current project.