Weigh the ups and downs of React JS and AngularJS with our complete guide
We all know what significance the front-end development JS framework/library holds for the development of web application, which has become an inevitable part of technology and almost every company. Thanks to React and Angular, which has made our life more comfortable with their complete set of tools and applications.
Facebook itself uses several React components on many of its pages but not as a SPA (Single Page Application). It was even stated by Chris Cordle, a known software engineer, that 'Facebook uses React much more than Google uses Angular.'
React significant feature is the Virtual-DOM which results in one-way data binding. As the React is more dependent on components, the homepage consists of small parts, which in turn blends to complete the view.
Notable features of React:
Being one of the best frameworks of the modern day, AngularJS is deployed mostly for crafting Single Page apps. Due to the immense support from Google and its developers’ community, the framework remains the top pick among the developers.
In plain text, we can say that AngularJS does the same work what HTML does for the mobile apps, but AngularJS outshine HTML by creating new HTML constructs and lessen the impedance mismatch between the app and HTML. AngularJS directs the browser by the new syntax, which is commonly known as directives.
Notable features of AngularJS:
React JS framework was introduced about five years ago and considered as the oldest JS library for the new generation. It is built and maintained by Facebook. The social media giant uses React in its products like WhatsApp and Instagram social media channels.
However, React isn't precisely an MVC framework, instead it is an open source library for viewing UI only. The UIs built with the help of React is highly responsive and loads immediately.
Following are some React JS advantages:
So, the company took care of everything in the second version of Angular JS that is also used in Google Adwords and Google Fiber. It certainly clears how significant and essential Angular is for Google. Besides, Angular has some beneficial features like native app support; Angular supports testing for unit testing & integration testing, and much more.
Following are some AngularJS advantages:
Angular is a complete JS framework embedded with enormous features compared to React, which is just a UI component library. It won't be fair to compare Angular with React and to take the fight on the common ground. All we could consider is that React is connected to the other libraries that are commonly used only with it.
Here is a short overview of React JS and Angular in the tabular form:
|Latest Version||AngularJS 7 version||React 16.7|
|Data Binding||Two Way data binding||One Way data binding|
|Concept|| || |
|Best Suitable for||Suitable for SPA that updates a single view at a time||Suitable for those SPA that update multiple views at a single time|
|Dependencies||Angular manages dependencies automatically||React requires additional tools to manage the dependencies|
Maturity is the scale to measure the popularity and success of any tool to date. So, before opting for a tool, you must know how long it has been on the market. A tool is said to be mature if it has been used many application developers and showed no signs of any problem.
The maturity of any tool could be due to many factors like being unstable or having some bugs, maybe abandoned by the vendor, or perhaps not being backed up by a large community for support.
2. Type of Features
The second most important thing you should look for is the kind of features the tool offers. You need to compare them with others. By doing this, you will know about the variety of tools you have in your hand. Further, you must inspect if those features are suitable according to the demand of your project or not.
Here is the technical comparison of React and AngularJS concerning various components including MVC (Model View Controller), Templating, Data Binding, License, and Rendering.
1. MVC (Model-View-Controller)
Breaking the entire data of the project or application into the smaller and readable component, i.e., Model, View, and Controller helps the developers to write shorter codes for a better quality product. The MVC pattern allows the programmers to do quality work with the required assistance.
So, the MVC model along with the Model View Presenter and Model View-ViewModel is still preferred by the developers. Angular is entirely based on MVC architecture, however, React supports only the View part of the MVC pattern.
2. Global Acceptance
We already know that the industry’s top leaders are backing both Angular and React. Facebook uses React app development library for WhatsApp and Instagram, whereas Google has implemented React in several projects including Adwords UI with Angular & Dart.
According to the Google Trends stats, React JS has clocked more searches than AngularJS. Interestingly, on the other hand, developers put up more interest in AngularJS due to the availability of ready-made solutions.
Templating is one the most important feature that no developer wants to miss while working on a web application. While using an effective framework, you can't afford to skip on the templating options. Angular offers many templating options using Typescript files and React uses JSX files for creating UI.
React does not offer any division between the directives, the template logic, and templates. Also, the template logic should be written in the template itself. But in Angular, the user can make their directives that will be inserted into the templates later. The template in angular must have an element with the user's directive written as an attribute.
4. Data Binding
The data binding is one of the most essential steps for building a web app, as it establishes a relation between UI and the business logic of the app. To carry out the whole app’s process, it requires the data binding in frameworks.
Angular uses the two-way data binding approach in which it connects the DOM to Model data using Controller. However, the bilateral approach hampers the performance as every binding has a watcher to spot the changes in DOM.
On the other hand, React uses one-way data approach for the data binding. In it, the data flows only in one direction that makes the work easier. With the one way approach, it is easier for the developers to debug the process having large applications.
The libraries and frameworks are divided into different categories using the license, where some of them are flexible and allows the developers to adjust according to the requirements. The flexible ones are known as the open-source products while others don't let to make the commercial apps or change the content.
Both React and Angular are the open source frameworks, that means you can make the changes accordingly. Also, there is no restriction on commercial apps and usage. Angular comes under the MIT license and React falls under the 3-clause BSD.
Now, both Angular and React has server-side rendering process. Another thing to note here is that the JS frameworks render the pages on the client side, which can badly influence the overall user experience, search engine optimization (SEO), and also the perceived performance. For the React framework, we have the next.js library whereas, for Angular, there is the Angular Universal library.
The developers are often on the lookout for better flexibility while developing an app. If we consider React JS, it offers more freedom to the developer to pick the libraries, tools, and architectures. With an expert team, you can get build a highly-customized app.
For AngularJS, the flexibility in choosing the required tools are a little less. For instance, Angular 7, one of the best version of Angular IO allows the developer to deploy Angular components in other frameworks and employ codes in only HTML based apps.
9. Feature Updatation
React JS enable seamless transitions between two versions. However, the front-end development library is more dependent on the external libraries which makes it easier for the developer to update. But on the downside, with the third-party components, the developers have to check the compatibility as well, which can sometimes escalate the efforts.
On the other hand, with an improved command-line interface, AngularJS incorporate commands like ng_update, which makes it easier to update the app with the latest angular version.
10. Community Support
Considering the popularity of GitHub, React has broader community support than Angular on GitHub. However, according to the StackOverflow Developer Survey 2018, the number of developers using AngularJS is higher than that of React JS.
On common ground, both React JS and AngularJS enjoy almost same community support.
For the battle between Angular vs ReactJS, you need to consider all the parameters and project requirements while choosing the most suitable framework. Once you select the most prominent tech stack for the project, you will be tempted to use it in all upcoming projects.
However, you don't need to blindly follow the same approach every time, although keeping the consistency is good, but before every project, take your time and then decide.
Consider these points of React JS when:
Consider these points of AngularJS when:
To be honest, we can’t decide which one is the best framework, neither the articles posted across the web surrounding this debate can help you. Both React and Angular hold different positions and help the programmers in their way. It all depends upon you, what you exactly wish to extract from the platform.
For any more query on the Angular vs React JS, you can drop your comment below, and we at ‘MobileAppDaily’ will assist you with the same.
From leading business houses to budding startups, everyone can bank on us for all their future insights.A look at our mighty stats is a proof enough of our intentions to drive emerging advancements in the mobile industry and reinventing digital media in every possible way JOIN US!