PHP and Node.js are two of the most widely known platforms that are used when it comes to mobile and web development.
But developers are often struck with a dilemma of which back-end technologies to choose for their online development project. That's why we came to the part of having a showdown comparison between PHP and Node.js.
Both platforms, PHP and Node.js are used for the server-side development and are considered tough competitions to each other. And in this article, we will be covering the Basics of PHP and Node.js along with the features of PHP and NodeJS.
The term PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor and can be defined as an open source server-side scripting language that is specifically designed for the purpose of web development. Even though, PHP is a server side scripting language it can be easily used as a General Purpose scripting language as well.
Over the years, both PHP and NodeJS have been showing constant growing and this evolution is witnessed by all of us. Below are some of the features of PHP and NodeJS and their comparison:
PHP is synchronous but there are also some APIs that act as asynchronous in it. The thing with the synchronous code is that the first line of the code takes a lot of time in executing so the code lines below have to wait for their execution turn. This reason is responsible for slowing down the outcome.
This switch is referred to as the change in different languages and environments which further contributes in lowering the code's efficiency. Switching between several coding languages can also result in dropping programmer's efficiency.
The module used by PHP is PEAR that is a veteran package system and Composer, is a tool for the purpose of dependency management.
In Node.js, the Nope Package Manager i.e. NPM is used as a module which is quite easy to use and operate.
PHP has been in the limelight since the early 2000s and is a popular server side scripting language which uses several frameworks like Cakephp and Laravel for smooth web development. These two frameworks provide robust, secure and agile back-end development.
For NodeJS, the most known frameworks are Derby and Express, but since node.js is comparatively new to PHP, several new frameworks are always hitting the market. Some of these new frameworks are Total.js and Hapi.
The NodeJS technology works with the NoSQL Databases, some of them being CouchDB and MongoDB. The Nope Package Manager is available for almost every database on its registry.
For the PHP technology, the relational and traditional databases are used, for example, PostgreSQL and MySQL. Although, the user can use NoSQL databases as well but those are not so widely considered.
From versions above 5.4 of PHP, the technology uses an in-built development server to make the procedure more efficient.
The NodeJS comes with modules like file system and DNS to assist the user by developing highly customized web servers. One of the most powerful frame that can be setup with 3 to 4 lines of code is Salis.js.
In short, PHP should be used for apps where the clients do not want to interact with the server constantly. Whereas, Node.js is to be used when the web application requires a regular interaction between the server and the client.
So, before opting for a technology between PHP and NodeJS, the developer should be aware about their pros and cons.
Below are the advantages and disadvantages of Node.js and PHP when compared on various perspectives:
Although, NodeJS and PHP technologies are able to manage projects of varying complexities but both of these technologies are built on different architectures and concepts.
The initial few things that you should consider before choosing between Node.js and PHP, are -
What type of application are you going to develop?
What speed do you want your development to be done?
What are the hosting requirements from the client's side?
After noting down the answers to these questions it’s time to categorize the project’s requirements. If your project is related to a Real-time application then, by all means, pick NodeJS. But you should opt for PHP, if you are looking for a much more standardized solution that also consists of great hosting support facilities.
A typical boy and tech enthusiast, Vikram is totally fascinated by the journey of his day from miseries to joys. Covering the journalism field, he writes at MobileAppDaily and keeps surfing the trends to understand tech and inventions better. Don’t forget his driving skills, he is a professional car rallyist. Life has just got better, breath it!!Follow