Google has established itself as the synonym for the Internet. It’s present in our daily life even if we forget to acknowledge its presence. Every time a question/curiosity pops up, Google comes out with answers saving the day. No wonder Google’s network at present delivers around 25 percent of worldwide internet traffic. The internet giant is now planning to extend its cloud computing infrastructure by introducing five new regions and plans to build three new submarine cables.
The construction of cloud computing regions will begin with Netherlands and Montreal regions in the first quarter of 2018, followed by Los Angeles, Finland, and Hong Kong. These infrastructural advancements will enable companies like PayPal to run their businesses more effectively. These cloud computing regions are subdivided into zones, which include one or multiple data centers helping businesses run their services more efficiently. Currently, Google has 15 regions made up of 44 zones. Each of these regions and zones is independent and isolated from each other, enabling customers to invest in multiple regions and zones and protect themselves against unexpected failures.
Besides zones and regions, Google in 2019 will also commission three subsea cables- Curie, a private cable connecting Chile to Los Angeles; Havfrue, a consortium cable connecting the U.S. to Denmark and Ireland; and the Hong Kong-Guam Cable system (HK-G), a consortium cable interconnecting major subsea communication hubs in Asia.
Once deployed, Curie will become Chile's largest single data pipe, allowing Google to serve its users and customers across Latin America. Curie’s ownership will help Google control the design and construction process and technical specifications that dictate routing decisions and can be optimized for latency and availability. Not to forget, with the deployment of Curie, Google will become the "first major non-telecom company" to build a private intercontinental cable.
The construction of Havfrue (Danish for mermaid) connecting the US to Denmark and Ireland will witness a collaboration between Google and tech giants like Facebook, Aqua Comms, and Bulk Infrastructure. Built by TE SubCom, Havfrue’s construction is expected to come online by the end of 2019. As for the Hong Kong-Guam cable system, Google is working with RTI-C and NEC which will enable Australian customers to major hubs in Asia to experience improved capacity and latency.
In order to deliver its promised cloud services to the service users, Google has directly invested in 11 cables, including the ones under construction and ones planned for near future. Google, however, isn’t the only one expanding its wings. Its biggest rival has already announced the opening of its 50th datacenter availability zone, in London. AWS also plans to open 12 more AZs and four more regions.